- Available Technologies
This fiber modification uses channels with re-entrant features in the shape of repeating trapezoids to create highly repellent textiles that resist attraction of both water and liquid chemicals, solvents, and oils. The self-cleaning textiles market, which includes hydrophobic, oleophobic, and omniphobic materials, is expected to reach a value of $573 million by 2021. Conventional textile surface chemistries rely on chemicals like fluorocarbons, silicones, and waxes to create omniphobic materials. To reduce the need for chemical modifications, researchers from Clemson and the Natick Solider Research Development and Engineering Center (NSRDEC) have developed a fiber structure that allows for omniphobic fabrics to be produced. By engineering the fabric surface to have trapezoidal shape nano-features, any liquid that comes in contact with the material simply rolls off the surface. This approach eliminates the need for conventional chemical surface coatings and instead modifies the fiber geometry and structure, resulting in water, oil, and stain repellent fabrics.
Fibers and fabrics; military
Clemson and NSRDEC researchers have developed a fiber surface architecture that allows for inherently non-wetting fabric substrates to be created without the need for chemical modifications. This process modifies fiber geometry and its surface structure by first creating a bi-component fiber. Then the water-soluble component is extracted and a third level re-entrant fiber is introduced to achieve super liquid repellency. The introduction of a third level re-entrant on the fibers' surfaces is based on the addition of a dual hierarchical micro/nano-scale surface feature to an omniphobic fabric. The new fiber geometry eliminates the need for hydrophobic or oleophobic surface chemistries and results in excellent fiber extrusion control, fast fiber extraction, and excellent liquid repellency.
Concept and prototype
Philip Brown, Quoc Truong, Nicole Hoffman
Interested in this technology?
Please put technology ID in subject line of email.
Stay up-to-date with the latest trends in the innovation and research industry. Sign up for our newsletter to see how CURF is making a difference and impacting the economy where we live.